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Bolstering the sense of achievement in education

2018-06-26 09:29:00

• Student financial support system reaches full coverage

The student funding system reached full coverage in three key areas: school level, public and private establishments and for students from families facing financial difficulties. The leitmotiv of this policy was to ensure "No one is left behind".

From 2012 to 2016, a total of 425 million students were awarded grants, amounting to RMB 700 billion. In 2016, a total of 91.2614 million students at the preschool, compulsory education, secondary vocational, regular secondary and tertiary levels across the country were awarded grants, amounting to RMB 168.876 billion.

• Step change improvement in special education

In 2016, there were 2,080 special schools across the country, 227 more than in 2012. Students registered in these schools totaled 492,000, an increase of 113,000 compared to 2012 (379,000). The enrolment rate in compulsory education for children with visual, hearing and intellectual disabilities exceeded 90%.

• 80% of migrant workers children registered in compulsory education programs in public schools

The proportion of migrant children in public schools reached 80%. The proportion of migrant children included in the government financial aid system was 86%.

Nutrition Improvement Plan registers significant progress

Since the implementation of the Nutrition Improvement Plan for students, cumulative dietary subsidy funds provided by central government reached 159.1 billion RMB. Over 36 million students have benefited from compulsory education in rural areas.

The average height of 11-year-old boys increased from 137.8 cm in 2012 to 143.8 cm in 2016. The average height of 11-year-old girls increased from 138.7 cm in 2012 to 144.3 cm in 2016.

The anemia rate in students in pilot areas fell from 17% in 2012 to 7.8% in 2015.

• Establishment of care and support systems for left-behind children

A care mechanism was established, where civil affairs, education and other relevant departments at all levels, families, communities, primary and secondary schools, and non-government sectors coordinate their efforts to implement processing management: "census registration, compulsory reporting, home-school communication, pairing support," to protect children’s rights to education. Key work was focused on the following four aspects: guarantee of safety, psychological counseling, dropout control and schooling maintenance, and assistance to settle difficulties and promote the healthy growth of left-behind children.

• Improvement of schools in vulnerable and poverty-stricken areas

The State Council launched a bundle of comprehensive measures to improve basic conditions in disadvantaged compulsory education schools in poverty-stricken areas at the end of 2013. This project included nearly 220,000 schools in over 2,600 counties. The policy was "the largest single project for central finance and investment in the history of China's efforts to build a compulsory education school system".

• Implementation of the Higher Education Revitalization Plan in Middle and Western Areas

100 colleges and universities in the middle and western regions of China were offered financial support to reinforce basic capacities. A joint support mechanism was announced between the MOE, 13 provinces and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps to build universities in provinces that do not yet have universities, under the direct supervision of the MOE.

• Enrollment of more students from rural areas to top universities

The specific program of targeted enrollment in rural and poverty-stricken areas has been implemented. Since 2012, 274,000 students have been admitted, so that more rural children have opportunities to enter key universities.

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